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More History on the Creek Indians of Sandtown

The Creek Indians are said to have migrated eastward from the vast lands west of the Mississippi Valley and to have formed a Confederacy of Nations and Tribes in what is now Alabama and Georgia many hundreds of years before the White Man came to America.  The five main Nations which made up the Creek Confederacy were: The Muskhoges, Hitchittes, Coosadas, Seminoles, Utchees, and Natchez, with many  Tribes as well. Because these Indians concentrated along the creeks in their natural habitats the colonists began to speak of the "Lower" and in their natural habitats, the colonists who began pushing "up" from the coastal lands began speaking of the " Lower" Creek Indians of Georgia and the "Upper" Creek Indians " up" in Alabama. It was mainly the  Hitchittee tribes which were concentrated in this area of the Chattahoochee valley. The word " Utoy" comes from a Creek phrase which meant "... we are the last people... beyond us there are none others...." and it was the designation for the Tribe living along the  Utoy Creek in this frontier" buffer zone" between the Creek lands and those  of the Cherokee Indians across the Chattahoochee River.

The Cherokee Indians were a branch-off from the Iroqouaian Nation who migrated down the Appalachian valleys into the lands of Virginia, North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee.  Under pressure from the encroachment of the white settlers, the Cherokees pushed down into the lands of North Georgia and over the mountains into the central areas of Tennessee. The Boundary line which was established on January 1, 1822 between the Creek and Cherokee Nations had as its reference point on the Chattahoochee River the Buzzard Roast Island which now forms the boundary between Cobb and Douglass Counties.  

To Dry Pond

On January 8, 1821 the Creek Indians ceded to the State of Georgia these lands which contained this 14th Land Lot District which is surveyed in the summer and fall of that year to form a part of Old Fayette County. When old Campbell County was formed in 1828 this 14th Land Lot District was made  a part of that County and it remained (except for part of the eastern land lots) until 1931 when it was merged into Fulton County.  A portion of the Sandtown Community was originally contained in the old 9th Land  Lot District of Coweta, then Carroll, then Campbell, now Fulton Counties. A was the method of land-distribution often used during this period, citizens living in the older counties could draw a Land Lot (two hundred two and one-half acres each) in one of these new frontier Districts for purchase at a  nominal fee for homesteading.  The pioneer families that received the original land grants in the two Land Lot Districts contained in the Sandtown Community are listed by the number of their lot. 

To Sandtown

Sandtown is that unincorporated portion of Fulton County which is bound on the North West by the Chattahoochee River, On the East by the City Limits of Atlanta, and on the South by the Camp Creek. It is larger in geographical area than the land included in the municipalities of East Point, College Park, Hapeville, Decatur,  and Avondale Estates combined.  This area of North Georgia has a significant Heritage of Indian, Pioneer, Plantation, Civil War, and New South  History which should be preserved.  We are living in a Day & Age when "change" is the watchword and with construction already underway to build a system of dams and locks to back up the waters of the Chattahoochee to make water barge transportation form the Gulf to Atlanta both feasible and practical... in the not-too-far distant Future the river-front property of our Sandtown Community will be one great scene of commercial activity.

Creek Indian - Bibliography